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27 Şubat 2020 Perşembe

Before Mao, after Mao

Before Mao, after Mao

Şaban Recai Öztürk                                                                            3.12.2016

October 1, 1949, Beijing ...

Mao and Communists who won the civil war proclaim the People's Republic of China... Chiang Kai Shek and the Nationalists flee to Formosa Island (Taiwan) and the National Government of the Republic of China is established.

I'm trying to look at China, which started to become a world power and to shape the 21st century...

Going into the period starting 3,500 years ago according to the written history extends the subject very much. But we should look briefly at the dynasties in the First Age, because they have some aspects offering an insight into present...

1500 BC when the writing, a system of graphic marks was invented, 1300 BC when silk was produced for the first time, 1200 BC when horse-drawn carriages were used in wars, cover a well-organized period of the Shang Dynasty.

Eight-hundred-year Zhou Dynasty lasted from 1022 BC to 221 BC follows this period. Use of coins, iron as weapons and tools, invention of kite, crossbow, umbrella and compass, drinking tea first time, the cavalry replacement for horse carriages in the war, the use of great infantry troops, publication of General Sun Tzu's book (the field manual) ‘The Art of War’, Construction of the first part of great wall of China, construction of irrigation systems, appointment of consultants to kings, the emergence of Confucius, the moral systemiser, who advised the revival of old traditions to the deteriorating society and polytheistic Taoism religion seeking the unidentified power behind nature come across this period.

I remember between 600 BC and 500 BC: A century of chained theological and geopolitical revolution in the civilized world of time... In the East, Zoroastrian, Buddha, Tao, Confucius, in the West, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras and many philosophical currents appeared.

I do not skip 209 BC: Enthrone of Hun Emperor Mete Khan, the establishment of the first regular army on earth with a chain of command of 10, 100, 1000 and 10 thousand troops, accepted as the establishment date of the Turkish Armed Forces… These are also important in Chinese history... Chinese Emperor organized his own army in this way after defeated by Mete's small army against 320,000 troops Chinese army...

In China, many dynasties were struggling for power until 3rd century AD...

Tsin dynasty (265- 316) united the disintegrating China and brought peace and stability to the country (Edoirde Chavannes says that the Tsins were Turks). Hyung-nu (Huns), one of the nations that used to be paid in the wars of the nobles before, established a new state in 303, captured the Chinese Emperor twice and began to dominate North China starting from 317. The Tsin dynasty then went south (317-419).

Up to 618 various dynastic states in southern China took over the north of Vietnam and Tibet. China's influence was felt again in Central Asia. The production of match started.
I remembered the Ottoman of 1913. Per capita income was one tenth of England, there was no industry, 200 thousand liras was put into the budget of 1914 to buy matches from Europe. 

We come to the Tang Dynasty era (618-907), when the world's most advanced civilization developed…

There were important events in this period: In 659, the Western Göktürk State passed to the Chinese administration. In 744, the Uighur Empire was established in Mongolia in place of the Göktürk Empire.

Lacquerware, gunpowder, rocket, bomb, printing are inventions in this period...
Buddhism, Islam, Zoroastrianism, Christian Nasturism were cultures taken from outside…
Then the Uighur Turks got important positions in the Chinese state administration. The Song Dynasty, which took over in 960, could not rebuild the Chinese Empire, but made China the richest country in the world. Public Schools became widespread.

New Confucianism rose as Buddhism fell...

Genghis Khan occupied China between 1206-1227. In 1271, Kublai Khan declared his empire, founded the Yuan Dynasty (1260-1368) and the capital city Yenching (Beijing). Together with the Mongols, the Yuan Dynasty conquered all China.

The periods when the Mongols captured Baghdad in 1258 and announced the end of the 500-year-old Abbasids…

Mongolians adopted Chinese customs and traditions in religion, clothing and dressings under the influence of Chinese culture, but they were not assimilated like the previous Turkish tribes..
In the end, civilization prevailed. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Mongols were driven to the north of Lake Baikal...

We are in an important turn. Europeans come to China...

Europeans with high technology and superior weapons, different from barbaric, low cultured and easily assimilated Turks and Mongolians who invaded China for thousands of years....

Portuguese first came in 1550 and founded Macao in 1557. The Spaniards after them.
I remember that in 1454, Pope Nikolas V gave his missionary privilege in Africa and East India to Portugal one hundred years ago. 40 years later, in 1493, after the discovery of America by the Spaniards, Pope Alexander VI divided the world between Portugal and Spain, there should not be a fight between them. Portugal preserved its old concessions, the new world was given to Spain. The kings of these countries were obliged to Christianize those under their rule. Missionary expenses were covered by the states in question.

 The Germans and the British were not delayed. They reached China in the 17th century.
In fact, in the middle of 17th century, the welfare period of China was slowing. Like the Ottomans…

Europeans are now in Chinese history during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) of the Manchu (Manchurian) origin after the Ming.

After Renaissance, Reform, inventions, discoveries, could Westerners stay away from the huge China?

The opening of China, which was closed to the West for many years, started in the form of commercial and political relations with Portugal, Spain, the UK, France, Germany and the USA in the 1850s. On the other hand, in the 1800s, Napoleon advised not to wake the sleeping dragon China. But the greedy, overly passionate West did not listen to this warning.

Superpower the British were everywhere...

Since the British could not find silver coins, they brought Indian cottons and opium to China and exchanged them with tea and silk. There were two major Opium Wars in 1839 and 1856 when the Chinese authorities banned opium import to prevent this. Both wars were destruction for the defeated Chinese. The victorious British got extensive rights, five Chinese ports were opened to the British, the Hong Kong Island was left to the British. Missionaries were allowed to work freely everywhere. With the 1858 agreement, the same rights were given to the USA, Russia and France. After the Opium Wars, the British East India Company took control of China between 1850-1900.
I remembered the 1838 Ottoman-British Free Trade Agreement, the Baltalimanı Agreement and its continuation...
But over time, the implementation of agreements with Westerners failed. Although the Chinese tried to expel foreigners from their countries, the riots were suppressed by the Westerners. By the end of 19th century, China tried to apply European technologies but failed, unlike the Japanese. The strong opposition of Confucian clergy could not be prevented.
In 1894, China and Japan sent troops to suppress the uprising in Korea. The uprising was suppressed, but then the two countries fought each other. When the war ended in 1895 and China suffered a heavy defeat, the Europeans took advantage of it too. China was divided into regions where each European country had separate rulers and operated sea and railways. China was experiencing the most degrading period in her history. She recognized the independence of Korea, also had to give Formosa (Taiwan) Island to Japan.
Westerners again suppressed the 1908 Boxer uprising in which missionaries were killed, making conditions even more severe than before.

In 1901, the empress accepted the inclusion of western topics in education, some arrangements in the Armed Forces, the political alternation from the monarchy to the constitutionalism in 1908, and reforms to the parliament and elections in 1909. However, these arrangements did not satisfy anyone, and with a revolution in 1911, the Qing Dynasty ended.

Namely, the end of the 2,000-year-old Chinese dynasty...

Six years before Russia, 11 years before the Ottoman...

I remembered last years of the Ottoman Empire; Tanzimat reform era beginning in 1839, reforms in 1856, First Constitutional Monarchy in 1876, Second Constitutional Monarchy in 1908 and the abolition of the reign in 1922...

Now I am looking at the Republic of China, when the Nationalists came to the fore…
Is it possible to compare this period with the Young Turks and the Union and Progress Period in our history?

In the beginning of 20th century, many Chinese intellectuals believed that the old order had to be changed. Their leader Sun Yat-sen founded the Tongmen Hui Revolutionary Union in 1905 with the principles of "nationalism, democracy and socialism".

With the revolution of 1911, the Manchu Qing dynasty ended and the Republic of China was founded in 1912. General Yuan Shikai was elected President, Tongmen Hui Revolutionary Union became a party, took the name Kuomintang and entered the parliament as the biggest party.

 However, President (General) Yuan banned the Kuomintang at the end of 1913, closed the assembly in 1914 and declared himself a dictator. Escaping to Canton, the Kuomintang party continued the resistance.

When the dictator Yuan died in 1916, in North China, the civil war (WARLORD Wars) started, lasting for years and oppressing the people a lot more.

When China symbolically entered the First World War, Japan invaded many cities, including Shanghai.

Communists were also mobilizing...

In 1921, the Communist Party was founded under the leadership of Mao Zedong and began to gather fans.

Namely, 4 years after the 1917 October Revolution in the Soviets...

In 1923, The Soviet Union, founded after the fall of the Tsarist regime, gave up all her rights over China. The Nationalist Kuomintang and the Communist Party united to expel Japan.

I do not forget that the Soviets established good relations with young Turkey of Atatürk too...

When Sun Yat-sen died in 1925, Chiang Kai-shek headed the nationalists. A national government was established in Canton. He fought the Japanese and took back many places, including Shanghai. While Chiang Kai Shek fought the Japanese, he was also struggling to suppress the communist uprisings. In 1926 he dominated most of China and defeated the warlords with the help of communists.

In 1927, by strengthening Communist Party, Mao began to organize nationwide and clash with government forces. Chiang Kai Shek, who thought that the communists became very strong, broke the union and drove the communists out of Shanghai. The national government was re-established in Nanking. The separatist peasants were pressured. Chiang Kai Shek moved north to Beijing in 1928, uniting China against local dictators, became the leader of the Republic of China. In the same year, Mao formed the Chinese Red Army. In 1930, the Nationalist Party saw that China was not ready for democracy and established a military dictatorship.

The communists started guerrilla operations…

A year later, the Japanese invaded Manchuria and established a puppet government.
Between 1931 and 1934, the Soviet Republic of China was established in the Jinggang mountains, and Mao was elected president. In 1934, the Nationalist Party encircled the communists, but Mao breached it and started the ‘Long March’, the Chinese Red Army walked an average of 13,000 kilometers and had to fight with the forces of Chiang Kai Shek, who followed their march. With the Long March they were saved from being surrounded and destroyed and settled in a safer area. But the communists, who were 90,000 people, dropped to 20,000 due to the hunger, the winter and the deserters.

After the Japanese invasion in 1936, communists and nationalists agreed to decide to resist the Japanese and Chiang Kai Shek became Commander-in-Chief. But Chiang Kai Shek and his Christian wife, who studied at the American school, were criticized for being too Westernized.

In 1937, Japan took over Beijing, Nanking and Shanghai, formed an interim government. 250,000 Chinese were massacred by the Japanese in the capital, Nanking.

In 1943, the Westerners gave up all their privileges to prevent the nationalist Kuomintang from making a separate peace with Japan.

World War II ended in 1945, Japan was defeated. With the USA support, China invaded Manchuria emptied by the Soviets. Communists and nationalists were left alone together again. Communists under Mao dominated Manchuria. The USA and nationalists took measures to prevent communists from dominating the entire country.

According to the October 1945 and January 1946 agreements, with the Kuomintang and the Communist Coalition, a democratic government would be established in China but it did not happen. Collapsing middle class, inflation and expectation of the peasants to get their territory, the start of the cold war between the USA and the Soviets complicated the continuation of the coalition. The communists opposed the organization of the Kuomintang forces by the USA, and the nationalists opposed the communists to spread land reform. In this struggle, the USA openly supported nationalists, and the Soviets indirectly supported communists.

In 1947, the final stage of the civil war began between Mao and Chiang Kai Shek. In 1948, communists won the upper hand. Nationalists in northern China withdrew.
Chiang Kai Shek was decisively defeated with the capture of Beijing and Nanking fiasco in February 1949. Mao won the civil war. On October 1, 1949, Communists established the current People's Republic of China in their capital Beijing. All the territories of China on the Asian continent fell into the hands of the People's Republic of China. Mao was elected the first president. Chiang Kai Shek let the Kuomintang nationalists escape to Formosa Island (Taiwan) and the Nationalist Republic of China was established.
Mao is starting...

Empire and nationalism became history; the era of communism was beginning. 32 years after the Soviets…

In 1950, women were given equal rights. Distribution of the lands of landlords that started before 1949 to the villagers was completed in 1952. In 1953, the peasants started to cooperate with the first Five-Year Plan. With the decision of the People's Congress, a certain amount of land was allocated for the peasants to cultivate. The private sector was tolerated initially but nationalized over time. Heavy industry production doubled. Primary education increased from 24 million to 64 million, secondary education from 1 million to 6 million, and higher education was tripled. Health reform was carried out.

I do not forget China's attack on Korea in 1951 and her exclusion from the United Nations...

‘Constructive criticism’ was allowed in 1956, but in 1957, when the newspapers and posters began to criticize the party, the administration, which saw the control go away, ended this practice. While the US embargo and Mao's introverted politics in the Cold War abstracted China from world trade, heavy military spending restricted the use of economic value to prosperity. Mao's Great Move (1958-1960), unlike the Soviet industrial model, could not industrialize the huge agricultural country in a few years. Agricultural cooperatives were communized but did not work. The production of steel communes did not exceed poor quality. The drought in 1959-1962 also contributed to this failure and 15 million people died as a result of famine.

Seeing that the Soviet Union deviated from its purpose in the Stalin era, Mao made a big change in the bureaucratic cadres so that his country did not follow the same path. During this period, all schools and universities were also radically reorganized.

This is the Cultural Revolution of Mao in China in 1966…

The Cultural Revolution between 1966 and 1976 would change China completely, but it did not happen. When Mao died in 1976, no economic progress was made, per capita national income was only $126, annual expenditure per capita was $74, and China's share in world trade was 0.4%.

 I remember that Taiwan was dismissed from the United Nations membership in 1971 and that the People's Republic of China was replaced.

The developments after Mao are very important. It explains the situation today...

Mao was infected with Parkinson's disease in the last years of his life, and his lungs and heart also began to malfunction. While many factions in the Communist Party were taking action to be in power after Mao's death, Mao remained silent. So, after his death, Maoism began to be openly criticized.

I do not forget that Khrushchev and others, who succeeded Stalin's death in 1953, criticized him violently. When the dictator died, his followers were demasking and the people were adapting this. The love of Atatürk today clearly reveals how unfair those who call Mustafa Kemal Atatürk a dictator...

In the struggle for power in 1976-1978; The Quadruple Gang, including Mao's wife, advocated the continuation of the revolutionary mass mobilization policy while other group advocated a Soviet model central planning. Deng Xiaoping, the leader of the reformers, plead for the construction of the Chinese economy on the basis of a utilitarian policy, and rejected the decisive importance of ideology in economic and political developments. As a result, Deng won and the struggle between moderates and radicals in the Chinese Communist Party ended up with the victory of the moderates.
The ‘Second Generation’ after Mao was beginning...

Under the leadership of Deng, the economy was prioritized instead of ideology, and a series of radical changes were initiated in agriculture, foreign economic relations and public administration. Now, the purpose of life for the Chinese was not to achieve equality, but to earn money. In 1978, 71% of the population worked in the agricultural sector. Rural reforms were the main weapon for fighting poverty in China. Industrial reform and rural reforms started with autonomy in production planning and marketing for some businesses increased welfare and demand for consumer goods. With the Four Modernization Programs adopted by China in 1978; Agriculture, Industry, Science-Technology and Defense areas were envisaged to reach contemporary conditions until 1985. The $600 billion program led China to find foreign capital. First, a $60 billion Trade Agreement and Peace and Friendship Agreement were signed with Japan. Economic cooperation was also made with the USA.

Economic and political softening began. Chinese doors were opened to foreign capital; the market economy began to be implemented.

Here and after is important for both China and the world…

In the 1980s, the new slogan of the Chinese was ‘it's good to be rich’. The identity that communists tried to create in China for 30 years started to be destroyed by Deng and communism was blamed as the reason for the failures. In 1988, it was decided to offer large labor capacity to countries trying to move from labor-intensive industry to technology-intensive industry. China would attract the labor-intensive manufacturing industry to its country, process cheaply imported raw material with her large army of workers and export. A few years after this decision, 80% of the Hong Kong manufacturing industry moved to South China, and the foundations of the new export-oriented economy were established.

Some negativities were reflected in political developments in China. The first reaction took place in Tiananmen Square in 1989. Protesters came from different groups. There were participation from intellectuals who thought that the Chinese Communist Party government was in political degeneration and that it has a repressive attitude, participation from workers and university socialists students who thought that economic reforms had gone too far since 1978 and inflation and unemployment increased. After the protesters challenged the government's calls for dissolution, the Chinese Communist Party broke up on how to take a stance against the protesters. Finally, the hawkish perspective was accepted and it was decided to suppress the demonstrations rather than meeting the demands. Tanks were used, hundreds of people were killed and injured.

In Russia, Gorbachev was making significant breakthroughs. 'If the road to glasnost (openness) and perestroika (reconstruction) is not followed, the Soviet regime and Russia will not be able to survive,' he said.

Communism was shaking violently...

1989 was an important turning point for the Chinese Communist Party policies...
Deng started to delegate his powers in 1990 due to the age limit. Until 1993, over 1800 private zones were created in the country, when practices such as foreign investment freedom and tax reductions were successful in four free economic zones created in the states close to Hong Kong and Taiwan.

In 1993, Jiang Zemin came to power as the third generation manager.

In 1994, instead of collecting all incomes of the enterprises at the center, tax items such as value added tax, business tax, and income tax were defined and businesses were given the right to use their profits. Some taxes transferred to local governments directed these administrations to take independent steps towards economic development.

In 1997, thousands of small-scale Public Economic Enterprises were privatized. Hong Kong was taken back from the UK.

250 million people, living under the absolute poverty line 20 years ago, decreased to 42 million in 1998.

In 1999 Macau was taken back from Portugal.

The fact that the People's Republic of China became a member of the World Trade Organization at the request of westerners in 2001 brought China closer to the outside world, many laws and regulations were standardized, customs duties were greatly reduced and the reduction continues.

China's state capitalism was unique. Stalinist strict political control was ongoing, well known parliamentary democracy was far away. The massive and cheap labor supply provided sustainable economic growth with the contribution of large investments in the economic infrastructure.

Ten years after the third generation, President Hu Jintao, elected in 2003, was the fourth generation…

Thanks to this generation, China warmed up. Economic reforms and international expansion accelerated. New skyscrapers and business centers were built in major cities. Central authority was tried to be protected. In short, China has gained a "mixed" structure that applies the rules of communism and liberal economy. State control over prices in the last 25 years was progressively removed. The price of the 95% goods sold in China is determined by the market, 4% by the state, 1% can fluctuate in a certain band under state control.

In 2004, provisions emphasizing the role of the private sector in economic activities and preventing random seizure of private property were added to the constitution. While China ranked third in the world trade list, foreign investments from abroad reached $60 billion. Of the world's 500 largest companies, 400 had investments in China, and the total foreign investment exceeded $600 billion.

Regulations preventing private companies from entering areas such as infrastructure, public services and financial services were abandoned in 2005. Overtaking Rotterdam, Shanghai became the largest port in the world in terms of annual cargo tonnage.

The share of exports in the Chinese economy, which was largely based on global trade and investment flow, increased from 9.1 percent in 1985 to 37.8 percent in 2008. The foreign trade sector employs 80 million people and 35 percent of them worked in foreign companies.

The Central Bank of China maintained a reserve of 1 trillion 800 billion dollars in 2008 as a guarantee fund of the American economy. This reserve was 'financial capital' from the concepts of imperialism. The annual trade surplus of $91 billion from exports to the United States was enormous.

So in a sense, the USA was financing China's economic growth…

Gross domestic product (GDP), which was $4.7 trillion in 2008, rose to $5.2 trillion in 2009, $8.3 trillion in 2012, $9.6 trillion in 2013; while China became the second largest economy in the world after 2010, Japan was falling to the third. China grew around 10% annually until 2010. In the following years, this figure decreased to the 7.5-7% band. The slowdown in the Chinese economy is now being mentioned. But more than $3.1 trillion of foreign exchange reserves make China a voice in the world.

The Chinese economy has long been called the "locomotive of the global economy". The International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced that this world's most populous country, which grew by 10.5% per year until the 2008 global crisis, became a larger economy than the United States in 2014. Realizing 13 percent of global exports, she made a difference of $700 billion to its closest rival the USA. China's purchasing power parity exceeded US national income by 1 percent in 2014 with $17.6 trillion. But it still lags behind the USA in terms of per capita national income. The USA continues to lead the world with its gross domestic product approaching $17 trillion. China is far behind the USA with its $10 trillion GDP.

The fact that China has become the second largest economy in the world means that the problems in the country are exported to the world, especially to other Asian countries. There is a financial reform in China. His debts are entirely in his own money. In a transformation from investment to consumption. The service sector is growing rapidly.
Being a permanent member of the Politburo since 2007, Xi Jinping was appointed Vice President in 2008 and President in 2013. He is known as the ‘Prince’ because his father was one of the people who organized the Chinese Revolution with Mao. The 'Chinese Dream', the great awakening of the Chinese nation, was the political discourse of the Xi Jinping period. The Strategic and Economic Dialogue with the USA, which started at the time of Hu Jintao, continues. Xi Jinping seems to have a strong cooperation with Vladimir Putin on the basis of nationalism, in opposition to the interests of the West.

China is the candidate of the world's largest economy in 2040. But her problems are also growing: population growth, bribery, corruption, decreased trust in the Communist Party, unemployment, environmental pollution...

I need to summarize…

China has a five-thousand-year-old culture and civilization, and a two-thousand-year Imperial tradition. Largest economy in the world until 18th century. So, it is not the first time that China has emerged as the new (economic) superpower of the world today...
The 37-year period, the end of Chinese dynasty in 1912, adoption of the Republic as nationalists were dominant, but the communists did not stop fighting. The 27-year Mao's Communism period from 1949 to Mao's death in 1976. The 38-year reform period based on state capitalism and economic progress from 1978 to 2016,

I remember Atatürk's 15-year period...

The rebellion of the world economy in the 1970s on the burden and strict rules of the state... Liberalism, free market and privatization came to the fore, even defending the foreign trade deficit for the sake of free trade... The end of the Cold War in favor of the West... In the growing world economy, China succeeded in the economic miracle by choosing liberalism from the brutal practices of capitalism economically, by using the features in her genes while maintaining communism politically.

China become also a superpower in energy, it is number one in world coal production, second in world oil consumption after America, she come to the forefront in natural gas, hydroelectricity, nuclear energy. She is on the USA's and Russia's back in development of military power and space race...

This development also affects the political and social structure of China, which has 1.3 billion people and about 56 minorities. Economic liberalism and development are not parallel to political liberalism. The Chinese earn more, but the conditions are difficult. The middle class also wants political powers. Non-governmental organizations are starting to grow up. Polarization is increasing, strikes and protests are multiplying. The practices of the Chinese Communist (Capitalist) Party can reach the limits of the community's endurance. In the next decade, vulnerabilities and contradictions can shake the system. In the upcoming period, there may be a serious management problem in China. In fact, the Chinese Communist Party understood that management with communist ideology was not possible. There is a search for a new ideology. There is a tendency towards a little Taoism, a little Buddhism, a little nationalism, that is, a search for a middle way between communism and social democracy...

I should also briefly look at foreign relations...

China transformed the Shanghai Five she established in 1996 with Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan into Shanghai Cooperation Organization with the participation of Uzbekistan in 2001. North Korea is observer along with Pakistan, India, Mongolia and Iran. It can be a market of more than half of the world's population. It also tries to provide peace and stability in the region. The United States is pursuing a policy that will balance Russia, China and India's influence in the region. But in the long run, Asian tensions may be experienced.

I should also mention East Türkistan...
Since the invasion in 1949, China has persecuted the Uighur Turks in East Turkestan, which has the historical city of Kashgar, uranium, platinum, gold, silver, coal, natural gas and oil resources. Its area doubles that of Turkey, 1,660,001 sq. km. The Chinese population has increased from 300 thousand to 6 million. The Chinese named autonomous East Türkistan 'Xinjiang' which means 'acquired land,' and defined it as its own territory. In 1982, 'Chinese-style socialism' emerged, which took development first and ideology second, and some improvements were made in East Türkistan policy, but did not last long. Pressure in East Turkestan was increased on the excuse of 1989 Tiananmen uprising. The Turkish population of up to 35 million is shown in Chinese official sources 7.5 million. Nuclear tests are carried out in the Lop Nor region of East Turkestan. Historical assimilation is still on the agenda. This topic is long, can be studied separately...

I conclude with Pakistani thinker Mohammed Iqbal: ‘When we try to take the values that the West embraces and distinguishes itself from us, what we do is to take back the property and heritage of our Muslim ancestors, the main owners of those values. So we are not obliged to feel inferiority complex while taking the universal values in the West. Those values are basically the values that our ancestors produced and lost to the West. These values must be withdrawn from the West and then used to destroy Western cruelty and hegemony.'

Let me go to the questions ...

Can China prove that the real owner of the values of civilization is the East?

Where did China get civilization, science and culture? From an older civilization in the Pacific Ocean? Are the Proto-Turks in the 3000s BC, Turkish-speaking Turani tribes legends?

Didn't civilization, science and culture walking from East to West take much from Turkistan, then Iran, and finally from Anatolia and Andalusia?

Will China be able to focus on art, science, philosophy, culture besides technology? Or will she become aggressive and begin colonialism and expand her sphere of influence as she grows stronger? How far can her cooperation with Russia on the rise in recent years go?

When political freedoms are increased in China, will internal struggles begin? Can disintegration begin if the central authority loosens? Can those who were assimilated want to return to their identities again? Can statism outweigh again? Could it be possible a return to Mao?

Will Turkey continue to threaten the EU and the United States with Shanghai Cooperation Organization?

Can Turkey and China establish closer cooperation?

Is a Western-style democracy possible in China?

How do relationships between developed, developing and underdeveloped people flourish in China?

Where will the old population increase in China evolved?

How will China react if the USA engages in diplomatic relations with Taiwan?

Do Marx, Engels, Lenin and Mao turn in their grave?

25 Şubat 2020 Salı

Hassan Sabbah, Aga Khan and Fethullahs

Hassan Sabbah, Aga Khan and Fethullahs

Şaban Recai Öztürk                                                                 17.3.2019

In 1256, Mongolian ruler Hulagu Khan destroyed Alamut fortress of the Hashshashin. Survivors of the supporters of the Ismaili, a sect of the Shia Nizari, mostly fled to Afghanistan and India.

In 1300s, in India, Iranian Pir Sadreddin ensured the continuity of the Nizari Ismaili through the 'Hodjas' -Teachers- caste, which he returned from Hinduism. 'Hodjas' supported Iranian Aga Khan I (Hasan Ali Shah, 1800- 1881).

As the governor of Kerman, Iran, Aga Khan I organized an uprising in 1838 to seize the throne. He was defeated and fled to India in 1840 and settled the British-controlled country. He managed to get the support of the "Hodja" group, converted from Hinduism. The year 1866 became the turning point for the Aga Khan government, and the new form of the Nizari İsmailiye evolved rapidly.

Sultan Sir Muhammed Shah, Aga Khan III (1877- 1957) played an important role in international politics. The title ‘Sir’ is not a characteristic to Islamic societies, but the same title is placed at the beginning of the personal names of knights or barons as a highly honored relational adjective in British society. Sir Muhammed Shah headed the Indian Islamic organization and union and played the role of a representative of the British administration as long as British sovereignty existed in India. The same person became the representative of the British Government of India within the Commonwealth of Nations - the first form of the current United Nations organization, and was also elected as the head of this organization.

Aga Khan succeeded in carrying out his work by loading the identity of Hassan Sabbah on the shoulders of Ali, by getting rid of Hassan Sabbah's assassin shadow. With the great help of the British colonial rule ruling India and Pakistan, Aga Khan III became the leader of a Nizari community in India, Pakistan, some parts of Iran, east of Africa and Syria.
Aga Khan wanted to have political power throughout his life, so he took Britain behind him, directed his political life according to London's instruction, but he could not take over a state and remained a religious leader being a playboy throughout his life. Aga Khan was the first Muslim leader who opposed the "jihad fatwa" published by the Ottoman Empire right after entering the First World War in 1914. With the declarations he published, he said that the Islamic world should support the British, French and Russian armies in the war, not the Caliph. He also commissioned his followers in Iraq and Syria to gather military intelligence in favor of British troops. After England dethroned Egypt's last khedive Abbas Hilmi Pasha in December 1914, Aga Khan went to Cairo, made great efforts to sit on the throne of Egypt. After the British enthroned Hüseyin Kamil, one of the grandchildren of Mehmet Ali Pasha of Kavala, Aga Khan was eager to become the caliph of the Sunni world, forgetting that he was a Shiite.

Iran ...

In 1848, Babism which claimed to be a religion apart from Islam, was considered an internal threat in Iran. The owner of the perverted religious movement, Mohammed Bab, was killed by a firing squad in Tabriz, his bones were buried in a tomb built by the Bahais in Kermil Mountain in Palestine. Many Muslim scholars and thousands believed in Bab and his follower Bahaullah, who claimed that he was sent by God in 1863. Shia clergymen and Iran's Turkish-origin Qajar government persecuted the disciples and killed most of them. Bahaullah was exiled to Baghdad, Istanbul, Edirne and then to Akka.

The Baha'i doctrine focuses on three main foundations: the unity of God, the unity of religion, and the unity of humanity…

Behind them were the British secretly ruled by Kabbalist and Zionist Jewish bankers...
 In other words, we can say the crawling period of the ‘One World Religion’.
Zoroastrianism or Mazdayasna, Hurremiye, Babek, İsmaili and Hasan Sabbah, Hurufis, Cavidani, Babism, Baha'ism, etc. are the continuation of the same movement that emerged with the contributions of Christianity and Judaism to Islam, revolted against the state and the Caliphate, and emerged in different names when it failed.

Like the Sikhs in India, the Cavidanese accepted the Cavidanname of their sheikhs Fazlallah while the Babis accepted the book of Muhammad Bab, the Book of the Nur as Koran. It is claimed that the Risale-i Nur of Saidi Nursi is also very similar to the Book of the Nur in terms of name, content and respect.

We know that Fethullah Gülen, secretly ruled by the Kabbalist and Zionist Jewish bankers, the captive of the USA, is also a continuation of the Nurists. In 1998, Gülen said, ‘Iranians are not Muslims, we are not a separate sect with Iranians, there is a religious difference between us.’ While treating Christians and Jews with the concept of ‘Interreligious Dialogue’, he was intolerant to the Shiites of Islam.

Competition in the Sunni world is a different topic. But after the Green Belt operation, the same centers that evaluate these divisions in Islam are walking with patience spreading across generations.

At the international and national level, it is not taboo to discuss religious issues that were exploited or hid behind by some henchmen.

The youth period of ‘One World Religion’ and the crawling period of the ‘artificial intelligence’ continues.



                                                                                             25 January 2017
Şaban Recai Öztürk

With 4,000 years of history, I try to compile my notes about Jews, one of the oldest societies in the world…

3760-61 BC… Beginning of the Jewish calendar… It is claimed that humanity started on this date and that the kingdom in Mesopotamia was given to people by extraterrestrial creatures, that is, the Nephilim.

My notes contradict this…

The atmosphere of the planet Nibiru (Marduk) began to deteriorate 445 thousand years ago. The Nephilim (Anunnaki), the superior people of this planet, came to Earth and established the first stations in Basra (Sumer). Their aim was to remove gold from Earth and use it for the atmosphere of their planet. They established a flight control center and metallurgical centers in Mesopotamia. When the Anunnaki rebellion happened in 300,000 BC they created the primitive worker, the first human, by manipulating the genes of the hominoids in Earth. Homo Sapiens began to multiply. Some Nephilim married human women whose genes they manipulated. The Nephilim are the creatures mentioned in the Torah.

It is believed that the stories of creation in the holy books are much shortened and summarized forms of Mesopotamian texts. Some experts suggest that the source of all knowledge and science in the world is the Nephilim, the gods of the polytheistic pagan religions, the precursors of monotheistic religions. Therefore, in the early ages, the king was also an archpriest and a scholar. The fusion of the state, religion and science was realized for the first time in Babylon. In Babylon, Marduk was the god of Earth and sky. He was a planet god attributed to Nibiru in Sumer. Assyrians combined them in God Ashur.

Enki, the leader of the Nephilim, had a kind of computer or data storage devices like today called ME containing information necessary for science, craft, art. It included different topics such as writing, music, metalworking, construction, transportation, anatomy, medical treatments, flood prevention, environmental protection, astronomy, mathematics, calendar. It was even suggested that there was the art of raising from the dead. During this period the temples were also used as the education center and the observatory.

The Hebrews learned these during their exile in Mesopotamia. The children of the royal, clerical scientist family, exiting from the Sumerian capital Ur, took the 'Epic of Creation', shortened and changed it. They made the base of a national religion that glorified Yahweh in heaven and on Earth. By organizing a single but plural entity, they named 'Elohim' which has a plural meaning, not 'El'.

The Rosicrucian doctrine explains the development of human lineage as follows: When Cain, son of Eva and God Elohim Samael, killed Abel, son of Eva and Adam, the second son of Eva and Adam, Seth was born. The descendants of Kabul were called 'the Widow's sons', and the descendants of Seth were called 'the Sons of Man'. The Widow's sons made inventions and breakthroughs in science and art.

In the Quran, human is defined in two different terms. 'Nas' is Adam's sons, the people of emotion. 'Insi' is the person of mind, emotionless, superior to man.

Also Levhi Mahfuz (The Preserved Tablet) says so…

The verses of Qur'an, Surah Bakara (The Cow) 40th and 122th, Surah Araf (The Elevated Place) 140th, Surah Duhan (The Evident Smoke) 32nd, Surah Al-Casiye (The Kneeling) 16 are also very interesting:

‘O Children of Israel! Remember the blessing I bestowed upon you and I preferred you to all others.’ (Ya benı israılezküru nı'metiyelletı en'amtü aleyküm ve ennı faddaltüküm alel alemın)'

I look at the Jews in the First Ages…

Jews come from the Sami race, such as Babylon, Assyria, Phoenician and Arabs. When they were nomads, they were called ‘Hebrews’. Today they prefer ‘Jewish’. In the Torah, their religion is considered the 'Old Testament', as it makes extensive statements about the covenant with God. Jews say that they are a community chosen by God and the Torah is given only to them. They were rewarded when they lived a life in accordance with their treaty with God, and were punished when they did otherwise.

History of the Jewish religion starts with Abraham (Abram) in 1800 BC. When he was 75, he was tasked as a prophet. It is said he died at age 175. Of the two sons, Ismail is considered the ancestor of Arabs, while Isaac is considered the ancestor of the Jews. Isaac had two sons, Jacob and Esau. Jacob was appointed as a prophet, and he was given the name of Israel, the name of today's Jewish State. Jacob had 12 sons and a daughter, including Joseph and Judah. These lineages were transformed into 12 principalities in time and were named as Israelites. Judah went down in history as a leader who maintained treaties with God; King David and King Solomon were his descendants. After Judah, the Israelites have been known as Jews until today.

Yusuf, the youngest and dearest of Jacob's 12 sons, interpreted the dream of Pharaoh, and when the events he said happened, he became the treasury minister of Egypt. Pharaoh invited Yusuf's family to Egypt. In 1522 BC, Jacob came to Egypt with his 11 sons, wives and children, and the most beautiful lands were given to them. It constituted the core of the Jewish nation, and its populations rapidly increased.

After the Yusuf period, the new Pharaoh started to behave badly to the Israelites, making them slaves. Musa freed the Israeli nation from slavery, and removed it from Egypt as a result of extraordinary events. The Torah, the first divine book of God, descended on him. He brought the Israelites to the lands of the Canaan Country (Palestine), the fertile land promised by the LORD. The date is around 1400 BC.

God first made a contract, an agreement with Abraham and his descendants. If Hebrews obeyed, God would protect them. This agreement was renewed after Moses received the Ten Commandments.

Under the leadership of Joshua, the Israelites settled in the land promised by God. Many times they fought with pagan Palestinians.

David era, 1024-933 BC, is called the Hebrew Renaissance. His son Süleyman built the famous Temple in Jerusalem in 930 BC. Israel was at the highest point in Jewish history. They were not disturbed by their neighbors and live in abundance. Inside the First Temple, there was the 'Testament Chest', the most valuable asset and symbol of the Israelites.
Solomon acted incorrectly in the last years of his life, and moved away from the laws of God. Shortly after his death in 922 BC, the state was divided into Israel in the north (Ten tribes) and Judah in the south (Two tribes). They became prey to the neighboring Egypt and Assyrian Empires.

722 BC is an important date. Israel was destroyed by Assyria with the support of Judah. Assyrian Emperor Sargon deported 30 thousand Jews to Mesopotamia. They were replaced by people from Babylon.

In 587 BC Judah was next victim. King of Babylon II. Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Judah and Jerusalem. He took all Jews into exile to Babylon. The Testament Chest disappeared. They destroyed the Torah and Ten Commandments Stone Tablets written by God. The First Temple Period ended.

The Israelites were scattered...

Although Babylonian exile affected the Jewish people very much, they adapted to this life in a short time and managed to survive. They learned the language of the local people, Aramaic, and continued their loyalty to God by building a synagogue instead of the destroyed temple. But they created a new religion by synthesizing Phoenician and Aramid paganism, the cultural background of Mesopotamia legends and myths and also the official religion of Persia, Zoroastrianism.

As a reward for their loyalty, Persians placed their vassals back in Palestine in 370 BC. Some exiles returned. The critical commercial privileges of the Palestine were handed over to the Jews. As a Persian outpost, Israel and Judah state were established. Jewish rabbis, who were bankers too, synthesized the Zoroastrian mullah style with the Babylonian sorcerer, astrologer, and usurer priest style imitating Persian-Babylonian priest tradition.

After great works, the reconstruction of the temple was completed in 350 BC. It was a modest copy of the previous one. The Torah with the stone plates inscribed with Ten Commandments could not be replaced.

The Grand Assembly (Sanhedrin) formed by the prominent community leaders led the Israelites. Ezra, who assumed the Presidency of the Assembly, revised the holy laws again. The Torah was rewritten by the oral and written inputs of Ezra and the wise Jews.
When the Torah was rewritten, sections written by Yahweists namely legends such as creation, flood, first sin, Tower of Babel, had been written during the exile of Babylon and almost like a copy of the Sumerian-Babylonian legends. God Yahweh in these parts is like a human, a God who wanders, sleeps, wrestles with man. However, in the sections of Elohimists, written in the time of David and Solomon, God is a supreme being, unseen, unlike anything, talking to people through prophets.

In fact, Babylon took its Gods from Sumerians. Sumerians thought that different parts of their lives were full of fear and life-giving and killing powers. They had three other gods, Nanna, Utu, and Inanna, who were called Ishtar by the Semite. Many Israelis worshiped him under the name of Ashtoreth... These invisible gods would travel on foot, by ship, by carriages, or on the clouds, eat, drink, make love, fight, sleep, envy, feel grudge and anger. They were injured or killed. But they were somehow resurrected. They got sick enough to die and then recovered again.

After destroying the Persian Empire, the king of Macedonia Alexander the Great invaded Israel in 312 BC. He protected the rights of Israel and did not interfere with their worship. Jews learned Greek and the Torah was translated into Greek.

After the death of Alexander, his empire was divided into four. Israel was brought under control of the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt. When the Greeks initiated the compulsory Hellenization, the friendship period ended. Learning the Torah and circumcising were forbidden. Taxes were excessively increased. The Maccabi Uprising started in 167 BC lasted 25 years, and the Ptolemaic Kingdom finally got tired and made an agreement with Israel.

In 63 BC Roman armies invaded Israel. The Romans put a puppet king into power, raised taxes, but did not interfere with their religion. In the following years, the Jewish Great Herod came to power as the king with the appointment and full support of the Roman State. Herod liked Greco-Roman culture and wanted to Hellenize the Jewish people. As a result of these difficulties, the people were divided into different religious groups. Sadducees, rich religious group cooperating with the Romans in order to protect their power, Pharisees defending the main view of the Jews and constituting the majority of the people, ultra-religious Zealots, namely fanatics, who are in the minority, who are against Roman rule.

In 30 AD, Jesus was crucified. Jews provoked the Roman governor, spreading rumor and fear that Jesus would enact a new Persian-backed Jewish uprising. However, Jesus was just trying to make the God of the Jews the God of all. That's why Jews have always been cursed by Christians. In all Christian countries they went to, they were humiliated, pushed and smacked, exiled, signs were put on their clothes, they were restricted from trading and training. They gathered in ghettos called PALE in Russia.

Christianity was born out of Judaism. Christianity would spread from Jerusalem to Anatolia and from there also across Europe. The biggest share in this was St. Paul. Also known as Paulus or Saul of Tarsus. Paul, who lived between 10-67 AD, came from a Jewish family which had acquired Roman citizenship. He used both the Jewish name Saul and the Roman Name Paulus. He studied rabbinism in Jerusalem. Since he regarded Christianity as a major threat to Judaism, he played active roles in the slaughter of church members. He later claimed that he encountered the image of Jesus so that he repented. He lived among Christians who took his claim as truth. Then becoming their leader, he caused important divisions among believers. He was decisive in the transformation of Christianity into a Roman Religion terminating to be a Jewish Sect. More than half of the Book of Prophets in the New Testament reports the activities of Paul.

In 66 AD Jews rebelled as if they committed suicide. The first revolt was violently suppressed; many Jews were killed. Hellenized Jews sided against insurgents. Jews started arming. In 70 AD, Rome crushed the Jews with great force. Jerusalem was burned, the Second Temple was destroyed. In 135 AD, another Jewish revolt ended with disaster. The Romans expelled the last Jews from Palestine and banned them from entering Jerusalem. Jews were scattered all over the Roman Empire.

I'm going to two thousand years of Jewish expatriation…

Roma continued his rule in Palestine until the seventh century. Jews spread across the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and Europe. Now, among them, not warriors, but traders and scientists would stand out. They would seek harmony, peace and tranquility, not conflict everywhere. They had no state to protect them, but they would have other values, especially Judaism religion and Hebrew language. They wouldn't break away from their roots. They would integrate with society wherever they went, but they would not be assimilated.

Jews lived with Muslims, Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant Christians. From time to time they pretended to change religion. They were subjected to pressures, exiles and massacres. But despite everything they managed to survive. God punished them. They would take the consequence.

Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem remained in ruins from its last destruction until Islam. When Jerusalem was deemed holy also by Muslims because of Surah Isra descended to Mohammed in 620, 'Masjid Aksa' meaning 'distant mosque' was built on the Temple of Solomon. It is believed that Muhammad rose to the sky from here on the night of Miraç -the ascension-. Christians also believe that Jesus ate his last meal with his apostles here.
The Temple of Solomon came back to the agenda with the conquest of Jerusalem during the Crusades. Poor Knights of Messiah stepped in to protect pilgrims and Europeans who went to Jerusalem. Fans of Hasan Sabbah and Shiite Ismailia tariqa came into contact with the Knights Templar guarding the Temple of Solomon. It is believed that they obtained some secrets buried at the base of the Temple of Solomon during this period.

In the 7th century; many Jews from Greece, Babylon, Persia, Middle East and Mediterranean region emigrated to the Caucasus and beyond. From the beginning of the Middle Ages, Jewish merchants, known as 'Russian travelers', traveled through Slavic and Caspian lands to arrive in India and China.

In the 8th century, the Turkish-origin Kingdom of Khazaria accepted Jewish religion and became a new Jewish kingdom. Some scholars associate the origins of Ashkenazi Jews with the Kingdom of Khazaria's transition to Judaism. This issue still constitutes an important dimension for academics' research today. The Kingdom of Khazaria is known as the 'Land of the Jews' in ancient Russian literature. At the same time, there were also Jews living in Kiev.

In 1000's, the Middle East was the axis of the world. The Golden Age of Islam was at its peak. It is the period when Islamic civilization developed in Spain, North Africa, Syria, Iraq and Iran, and the most creative scientific studies were carried out in Islam. The Person who does not speak Arabic was outdated. Islamic dynasties represented political, military and economic power, and ruled over 40 million people. It can be called a different type of globalization. Creative thoughts were ahead in the field of Islamic theology, philosophy, science and technology. With a million inhabitants, Baghdad was the largest city in the world. It competed with Cordoba Muslims in Spain. Jews were very active in both centers.

In Andalusia, Spain, in the 12th century, the most important Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages, who interpreted the Babylonian Torah, Ibn Meymun (Maimonides) said that ‘a world state ruled by the Jews should be established’. Later, Leo Straus would transform the Torah interpretation of Maimonides into political philosophy: 'It must be a Jerusalem-centered world order, and the elites governed by the Jews should rule other states.'

Here we need some information about 'Kabbalah'.

Jews believe that, God (Yahweh) gave Adam and Eve some magic and sorcery formulas. They told these magic from generation to generation. All of the magic formulas that are transferred from Adam to Noah, from Him to Abraham, from Abraham to Moses, from Moses to his brother Aaron and from Aaron to Rabbis are called Kabbalah. Kabbalah contains the unwritten secret information of Torah. It is assumed that it provides ways to directly reach God. In this respect, Kabbalah added a dimension to Judaism including mysterious approaches described as heretical. Their practitioners were few outstanding people and kept fasting constantly. They used some magical words and formulas called 'seal'. They were also called 'Travelers of the Supernatural World'. Kabbalah became systematic with the Zohar in the thirteenth century. It was learned and practiced by ordinary Jews in the eighteenth century.

The aim of today's Kabbalah studies is to open the doors of the world, which science cannot offer to people, to discover the hidden realm, to feel the invisible, to reach the purpose of the 'divine', to discover the gift bestowed on man by God. 22 letters and numbers in the Hebrew alphabet form the '32 ways of hidden wisdom' that God used when creating the universe. There are mystical meanings in 22 letters in the Hebrew alphabet and it is suggested that there are some parts of the Torah that are not visible to the human eye.

Kabbalah strongly influenced the idea of 'Sabetayizm', a messianic movement emerged on Ottoman lands in the seventeenth century. And Sabetayizm played an important role in the extreme ascetic and mysterious Hasidism movement emerged in the eighteenth century.
There are three basic techniques of reading the Torah in Kabbalah. Temuria: The technique of obtaining new words and contemplating them by replacing the letters in the words. Gematria: The technique of calculating the value of letters in words. Notaria: The acrostic technique used to encrypt and encode a text. The Torah text, purged from all punctuation and spaces between sentences, is considered as a single line of 304.805 letters and skipping at equal intervals on this text, the 'desired' words is discovered. What determines the rate of 'skipping' between letters is an effort to create 'meaningful' letter sequences.

Here I would like to remind that some Jewish scientists priests, rabbis reached the secrets of the Nephilim during the Babylonian exile.

In Islam, the Nur (Light) community attaches great importance to the knowledge of 'abjad'. It tries to predict the future with some abjad calculation. Cifr and abjad calculation, a secret knowledge, constitutes similarity to KABBALAH. It is claimed that Fethullah Gülen, the spiritual leader of the Nur community after Said-i Nursi, also used this technique. KABBALAH teachers are called SOFERIM, namely the SCRIBES. Their job is to explain the revelations and to ensure that it is learned and adopted by the community and individuals. Those who read original copy, explain and teach the society and individuals of Said-i Nursi's 'Nur (Light) booklets' are also called YAZICILAR namely the SCRIBES. I continue our topic by emphasizing that the reason for the creation of the Jews is 'to be a winder for humanity's progress' according to Gülen.

Jews, whose main occupations were usury, pawnshop and medicine, were expelled from England in 1290 and France in 1306. Of the European population, estimated to be 75 million, 25 million died in the plague epidemic between 1347-1350. It took six generations to get the population back to its former level. It took hundreds of years for strong city states to recover. Jews were declared 'scapegoats' and forced to migrate to Eastern Europe. The Lithuanians took control of western Russia and gave the first concessions to the Jewish communities. Many Jews emigrated to some parts of Ukraine and West Russia.

In 1484, inquisition courts were established in Spain under the presidency of Torquemada, a Jewish convert. The process called 'one state, one king, one faith' and which ended up with exile in 1492, began. Islam and Judaism were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula. 40-60 thousand Jews came under the auspices of the Ottoman State during the Beyazıt II. period. The rest accepted Catholicism.

With the Jews brought from Spain, the Jewish-Christian balance in the Ottoman State was achieved. They were settled in cities such as Thessaloniki, Izmir, Istanbul, Edirne, Yenişehir and Safed in Damascus region.

The most important sources of inspiration and feeding of the Rosicrucians, Masons and Protestants against Catholicism had been Islamic philosophers and impressions from the Muslim world. The Ottoman supported such opposition movements against the Catholic structure in Europe.

The city of Jerusalem came under Ottoman rule in 1507. Ottomans would bring the city many historical monuments, preserve the existing ones, and have the West Wall remnants left from the Temple of Solomon repaired. In this place, which is called the Wailing Wall today, Jews lament by praying.

Using their patronage, the Jews penetrated the Ottoman Palace with doctors, the converted Sheikh al-Islams, other rulers and lady sultans. But the Jews experienced an important separation in the 1650s. Sabbatai Zevi, a Kabbalist rabbi from Izmir, started to gather fans by declaring that he was the Messiah. As a result of various denunciations by other rabbi and Jews, he accepted Islam when he was told to prove his claim or be killed. Zevi was put on the payroll, then he created a community seemingly Muslim but essentially secret Jewish. Thus, the Jews were divided into two, the Sabbateans settled in Thessaloniki and the Orthodox Jews.

In Europe of 1517, those who adopted the 95 thesis of the German monk Martin Luther, who wanted the Catholic Church to give up its imposing attitudes and to reform the Church, established the Protestant sect. With the emergence of Protestantism, the two-denominational Christendom, Catholicism-Orthodoxy, was divided for the third time.
In 1532, another Protestant, French pastor Jean Calvin developed the Reform movement in Switzerland and France. The sect of Calvinism has settled well in the Netherlands and Scotland. Calvin, one of the pioneers of capitalism in the economy, argued that no authority could enter between God and the servant, and that Christianity should be restored to its former simplicity. Calvin expressed the Christian philosophy of the bourgeois opposing Catholicism, which is suitable for feudalism. With the 1555 Augsburg Peace, Protestantism was officially recognized in Europe, but sectarian conflicts were not over.

In the 17th century, almost no Jews lived in Western Europe. Relatively tolerant, Poland had the largest population in Europe, but for the Jews, the calm situation ended up with hundreds of thousands of Jews being killed during the Chmielnicki uprising (1648) and the Swedish wars (1655). Jews returned to Western Europe. Jews were expelled from some cities, banned from owning land, and forced to live in ghettos.

In 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War, the last of the bloody wars of religion between Catholics and Protestants. With the strengthening of Protestantism, Jews were relieved in Europe. The Old Testament (Torah) Section of the Bible was becoming prominent. Jews were acquitted in a sense against Christian charges. Those who killed the prophet Jesus were pagan Romans not the Jews.

In 1665, Jews began to migrate to England. Protestant Puritans, who went to extremes in turning towards Jews were in power in England. Puritanism is the ideal of establishing a Kingdom of God on earth. Unlike Protestants, the Puritans turned completely to the Old Testament (Torah). They want Hebrew to be the official language, the constitution to be based on the Torah, and to officially celebrate the Sabbath Rituals of Jewish worship, to give Jewish names to children and settlements. Puritan army, founded under the command of Cromwell, taking also Jewish support and finance, toppled King Charles I in 1649. A republic based on the principles of the Puritanism was established in the UK. The first Puritans who emigrated from England to America saw the new country as promised land. Puritans even thought of changing the name of America to New Israel.

Jews, whose wealth was often confiscated in Europe, were keeping their assets portable. They became experts in capital use and transfer. After the convenience received in the UK and in the USA, they started to trade more comfortable. They focused on jewelry, coral, textile, slave, cocoa and ginger in overseas trade. After the USA was established, they switched to weapons, liquor, iron, fur and glass business. With the spread of paper money and paper values, lending, central banks, London, Amsterdam, New York Stock Exchange, West and East India Companies started to be run by Jews. In the mid-18th century, a stateless race could see the whole world as a single market. The whole world was their homeland. It didn't matter whether there was security anywhere. The more the market spread, the greater the opportunities. For those who have been able to trade from Cairo to China since the 10th century, the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans were no problem at all. They were the creators of the modern capitalist system.

Some Jews wanted to return to their homeland. In 1800, during the Egyptian Expedition, Napoleon promised the Jews to establish settlement outside of Akka, but was unable to realize it when he withdrew from the region in a short time. Austrian chancellor Metternich, the lead actor of the 1815 Vienna Congress, made similar words as the ardent defender of Jewish political freedom.

During the Renaissance and Enlightenment period in Europe, the Jewish community experienced significant changes. The Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment) movement arose. Jews started campaigns to avoid the restrictive laws and adapt to European society. Secular and scientific teaching was also added to traditional religious education. Jewish history and Hebrew studies have come to life again, interest in national Jewish identity began to grow. Haskalah gave birth to reform and conservative movements, sowing the seeds of Zionism. At the same time, the Hasidic Judaism movement, the opposite of Haskalah, was born. With its enthusiastic and mystical approach to religion, it quickly gathered supporters.

With the French Revolution, equality and civil rights were given to Jews, this was a first since ancient times. In 1856 Britain and in 1871 Germany gave equal rights to Jews. The interest was banned by the Church to Catholics. Some Jews became leading usurers since they were the only group allowed to lend money with interest. Christian rulers saw the advantage of having a class like Jews who could provide them with capital without facing the risk of excommunication. Money trading in Western Europe fell into the hands of Jews. They were protected by kings, princes and bishops in their dealings with the Christian community because of the important services they provided in the fields of finance, management and medicine.
In the industrial revolution and afterwards, Jews worked as commercial networks of family businesses in the USA and Europe. They established sensitive and fast information systems. They followed political and military events and responded to the changing needs of regional, national and world markets in a timely manner.
 Here we need some information about the Rothschild dynasty.
The Rothschilds are the largest, most widespread and powerful banking family in the history that has emerged in the 18th century, reached the peak of wealth and influence in the 19th century, and was able to maintain this wealth and influence in the 20th century. This dynasty founded by usurer Mayer Amschel Rothschild and his five sons in Frankfurt's Jewish ghetto, had influence over almost all European states for two centuries and made great financial contributions to many important wars and projects of these states. The Rothschilds have always been married among themselves. They did not even take other Jews among them. No war could have taken place without the help of the Rothschilds. In a sense, they became the dictators of Europe in the world of politics and trade.

The Ottoman economy met with the Rothschild dynasty for the first time in the Crimean War (1853-1856) against the Russians, borrowed at high interest rates from London bankers. The Ottoman received three million pounds at a six percent interest rate from the British bankers pledging the tax received from Egypt as security. This was its first debt in its history. With a second agreement in 1855, the Ottoman government borrowed from England through Rothschild since it could not cover the Crimean War costs. The Ottoman government borrowed 5,5 million liras pledging Egypt tax, Syria and Izmir customs revenues as security. After these borrowings, the economic collapse of the Ottoman Empire accelerated.

The Rothschild Family financed the establishment of many companies such as Siemens, Bosch, AEG, Krupps after the industrial revolution in Germany. This family also played an important role in the local massacres in America. The Rothschilds channeled their interest to gold and other mines. The foundations of today's 40 percent of the world's underground resources such as gold and diamond alone were laid in those years. With the dissolution of the Ottoman lands in the early years of the 19th century, the Rothschild dynasty began to infiltrate the Middle East from two areas. Number one was the rich oil fields in Mesopotamia. Rothschilds entered the Iraqi market with BP-Amoco and Royal Dutch Shell. Shifting the capital movement to the north of the Middle East, Lord Rothschild made Zionism the center of political gravity. After the Palestinian lands were removed from the Ottoman Empire, Lord Rothschild put pressure on the British government to publish the Balfour Statement (1917) which started the establishment of Israel. A 'Jewish homeland' would be established in Palestine taken from the hands of the Ottoman Empire.

 Lord Rothschild organized the purchase of Palestinian land with a £ two million fund. Within a very short time, the most fertile regions of the Palestinian lands fell into the hands of the Jews thanks to this fund.

The Rothschilds were the most important power of the First World War behind the scenes. In the First World War, the German government borrowed from the Rothschild Bank in Germany, the British government from the Rothschild Bank in England, and the French government from the Rothschild Bank in France to finance the war.

After the First World War, the financial institutions, namely the extensions of the J.P. Morgan and Rothschilds in the US, overwhelmed Germany with money and paved the way for Hitler's incredible rise. Hitler's defense spending and military strength were created with the approval and assistance of the Rothschild dynasty.

Before the World War II, the shining star of Germany was the chemical and pharmaceutical industry. German companies created a cartel in the world chemistry and pharmaceutical fields. The largest of these was I.G. Farben Company funded by Rothschilds. I.G. Farben Company, of which David Rockefeller was a partner through the Standard Oil Company, fed the German industry with the products it developed, then produced the deadly gases used in concentration camps for the Nazis.

World War II cost the US $ 400 billion. The US budget gave a deficit of $ 200 billion. Rothschild and the bankers acting with him began financing New America, namely the 'New World Order'.

The Rothschild dynasty, whose fortune exceeds $ 5 trillion todays, owns three of the world's top 10 banks. This family rules over 40 percent of the world's underground wealth. Many money barons like Jewish George Soros are under the orders of the Rothschilds. The West and the US are run by several strong private banks. The US Central Bank, FED, is a private institution controlled by several private banks close to the Rothschild family. Today, the Rothschild family steers money around the world with $ 100 trillion, mostly virtual.

Back to our topic again…

The entry of Judaism into a new era in the 19th century was a German religious initiative: Protestantism. Protestant nations were leading everywhere. Prussia was the strongest and most influential state of the Germans. Protestant England was the first industrial power, defeated Napoleon, became an unprecedented wealthy trade empire in the world. Protestant USA was the rising power of the West. Catholics, led by France, began to decline.

Jews had kept their culture in the secondary plan for centuries. They could stand out in the welfare state of the West, where they got equal rights. Wealthy merchants married the religious scholars' daughters, Jewish religious school students married the rich brides. The production of many intelligent Jews began. They have surpassed Europe's population growth. Boys aged 15-18 were married to girls aged 14-16. They immediately had children. They had every opportunity to track ideals. In 1800, this old but highly effective social system started to give products. They began to become prominent in the secular society field instead of the religious field.

Some Jews saw Germany as their homeland. They worked hard fanatically. Karl Marx, the prophet of communism, was a German Jew. They received Nobel prizes, one in physiology, one in medicine, four in chemistry, and two in physics. Ferdinand Julius Cohn founded bacteriology. Paul Ehrlich applied the first practical form of chemotherapy, Franz Boas founded the science of cultural anthropology. Einstein created the cosmology of the 20th century, Freud created the mental assumptions. Offenbach, Strauss were music geniuses.

US Jews emerged as a force especially in New York after 1860. With 1,640,000 Jews in 1920, New York was the largest Jewish settlement on earth. They demonstrated their creativity and talent in the show business. They set up radio, black and white and color television chains. They had a voice in the world of cinema, which put its mark on the global popular culture. In 1912, they gathered hundreds movie companies in six major companies: Universal, Twentieth-Century-Fox, Paramount, Warner Brothers, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Columbia. They also had a voice in two other big companies: United Artists and RKO Radio Pictures. Jews began to shape the American lifestyle from Hollywood.

 Thus, their opponents were not idle. Jews were the materialized format of the trade. Jews were an anti-societal race, stubborn and vile, the enemy of humanity. They should be sent back to Asia or eliminated. Judaism meant self-interest in practice, its culture in the world was vending, its god was money. This spread to all societies. The jealous Israeli god did not want any other god. Money meant everything. The god of the Jews became the god of the whole world. Jews changed Christians to their own image. They became slaves of money and Jews. If the world was a stock market, politics became its prisoner.
Efforts to establish the Jewish state ...

Fundamentalist preacher William Blackstone wrote the 'Jesus Comes' bestselling book and organized the first campaign to support a Jewish state in the Middle East in 1891. The Zionist settlement started in the Ottoman Palestine. The hottest advocate of the Jewish state idea was journalist Theodor Herzl. He was struggling to establish a Jewish State in Jerusalem. He suggested Sultan Abdülhamit that Jews pay eighty percent of the Ottoman Empire's 32 million gold debt to the Debt Administration. In return, he asked for a residence permit in and around Haifa. Sultan Abdülhamit thought that Jewish communities would be settled in different regions in Northern Iraq. It was never realized. History of 1897 was a turning point for Jews. The World Zionist Organization was founded in Basel, Switzerland, and Theodor Herzl was appointed as the president. With the financial support of the Zionist program, it was decided to purchase land in Palestine and to establish the infrastructure of a state. Its purpose was declared as ‘To dismantle the Turkish-Ottoman State, which has occupied the great position of Islam for centuries, and that holds the holy Palestinian land called Jewish promised land, and to prevent the World Muslim Union’.

The British-Palestinian Company, with a capital of £ 100,000, was founded in 1903. This company opened branches in Haifa, Jaffa, Jerusalem, Hebron, Beirut, Safed, Tiberias and Gaza and began to deal with land purchasing. The Ottoman State was unable to prevent intense Jewish influx of immigrants, Zionists from taking land in Palestine and Jews from establishing new settlements in Palestine. The Zionists influenced not only the central government but also the local government in Palestine. Between 1904-1905, Governor Ahmed Reşid borrowed money from the Zionists company to cover the tax gap of the province. However, upon the hearing of the debt incident by the Sublime Porte, the capital, he was removed from his post. Ottoman Jews such as Moiz Kohen (Munis Tekinalp) opposed the Zionists' desire to establish a Jewish state in Palestine; according to them, Jewish immigrants should come to the Ottoman lands and live freely. This led to disagreements among the Zionists, but they did not give up Zionism. While continuing their efforts before Abdülhamit II., they were also in close contact with unionists such as Emmanuel Karasu, Nesim Russo and Nesim Mazliyah.

Ottoman Jews were not only against Zionism. A similar reaction came from Jews living in European countries such as France. According to the statement of the Alliance Israel Universelle, the Jewish community, which was far from European civilization, could only be developed by education. In other words, the problem of the Jews was not their homeland, simply because they were overwhelmed by the traditional religion and they could not be modernized by crushing their shells and by making social reforms. When the Jew accepted the value system of the West, he would find his salvation and be liberated. The Alliance advocated the integration of Jews into the communities in which they live. According to the Alliance, Zionism was nothing more than false messianism. It was against rationalism and libertarianism. Alliance organization intended to turn the Jews from the Jewish religion into the citizens of French, British, Ottoman etc. The Zionist ideal, on the contrary, aimed at preventing the Jewish self from undergoing assimilation erosion.

We should also briefly touch on the 'Zion Protocols' issue. 

 It consists of 24 items attributed to the Basel congress of the Zionist Jewish nationalists. It was first published in 1905. It was claimed that the Jews planned to conquer the world under the name of modernism. Attacks on Jews began in Russia and Europe. Although it later proved to be a lie by various courts, no one believed it, and even court results were considered part of the Jewish conspiracy.

- Politics has no connection with morality.
- For the sake of our purpose, we should not hesitate from bribery, trickery and treachery.
- We shouted the words like liberty, equality, brotherhood, fool parrots bite the bait.
- The managers we will choose should be weak in ability and obey like slaves. Thanks to our children, who are their advisers or experts, they will return to the toy in our hands.
- We must disrupt the balance of constitutional states.
- When it is time for our monarch to rule the world, everything that will prevent him will be eliminated.
- We gave the French Revolution its big name. Because it is completely our work.
- Who can overthrow an unseen force? Non-Jewish masons also serve our purpose.
- We must blur the people's mind. We must keep them away from serious thoughts that will give them a sense of resistance.
- We will encompass governments with the world of economists.
- Until the new world order is established, we will give responsible positions in governments to the hands of people whose past is bad and people with bad reputation. If they do not obey us, they will have to work for our interests by blackmail.
- In every country in the world, we will establish and reproduce freemason Lodges. We will attract everyone who is or may be famous in public activities. Because we will find our main news office and means of influence in these lodges.
 - We will gather all the Masonic Lodges under a central administration of our Zion leaders who are known only to us and are absolutely unknown to anyone else.
- We will definitely establish a credit and financial center in every country. We will gradually take over their domination by burdening people with debt through those centers.
- We lend the money to non-Jewish governments that those states don't need, they will pay back twofold, threefold.
- We will borrow the wealthy people in the countries and attract them to the Masonic Lodges, but we will make the members of these organizations rich and use them.

Hard to believe!

There are different versions of these items too. It is brought to the agenda from time to time, but it is definitely rejected and described as a conspiracy in the international media.
Between 1890 and 1924, more than two million Jews emigrated to the United States, mostly from Russia and Eastern Europe. A Jewish society that was largely free from European restrictions was emerging in New Israel.

What happened in ancient Israel at this time?

The condition of the Ottomans in Palestine gave great encouragement to the Zionists and Arab nationalists. The Zionists were seeking support for Jewish immigration from major European states and hoped to establish a sovereign state in Palestine; each of the Arab nationalists wished to establish their own independent state.

According to the population distribution, the situation in 1914 was not in line with the Zionist claims. After the second half of the 19th century, the Jewish population in Palestine increased to 80 thousand in 1914, especially with migration from Eastern Europe. The Arab population was around 650 thousand. It was a distant dream to gather Jews, 12 percent of the population, under the umbrella of the state. The Zionist leader E. Weizman was the first person who realize that the map of the Middle East could not be drawn by the people of the region, but by the great states. Combining the strategic approach of the Jewish organizations with the political skills of the British, the first act of the 'Big Game' would start in the Middle East.

After the First World War, Britain took Palestine from the Ottoman Empire. With the Balfour Declaration of 1917, the promise given to Jews for a 'national homeland' was not forgotten. In 1920, Britain's Palestinian Mandate began. Hebrew University of Jerusalem was established and waves of immigration began to arrive in Palestine. Arab residents of Palestine, dissatisfied with increased Jewish immigration, began to oppose the Jewish settlement and Britain's pro-Jewish policy through violent riots and terrorist acts. Following the 1920 Arab revolts and the 1921 Jaffa revolts, Jewish leaders in Palestine formed the Haganah organization to protect their farms and Kibbutz against these gangs. Due to the violence exerted by the Arabs, Britain began to step back from the Jewish state idea and to bring up a bi-national solution or the idea of an Arab state with Jewish minority. The extreme organizations breaking off from Haganah organized revenge attacks against British targets and Arabs in Palestine and carried out assassinations targeting British administrators.

Jews were starting to show their teeth…

There was a decline in Jewish immigration between 1923 and 1929, but in parallel with the development of Nazism in Germany, the number of immigrants settled in Palestine reached 4 thousand in 1930, 30 thousand in 1933 and 62 thousand in 1935. Illegal immigration to Palestine was increased. Many Jews, who became refugees due to the war in Europe began to organize without Britain's approval. Immigration would make an important contribution to Jewish settlements in Israel.

After Hitler and the Nazi Party came to power in Germany in 1933, the Jewish issue gained a more serious dimension. With the economic crises, racist anti-Jewish laws and fear of the war approaching, many Jews fled Europe and went to Palestine, the United States and the Soviet Union. In 1939, after the outbreak of World War II, Hitler occupied almost all of Europe, including Poland and France, where millions of Jews lived. In 1941, when the invasion of the Soviet Union began, he ordered the implementation of the Final Solution. Six million Jews in Europe would be killed. Hitler was fascinated by Jewish-Bolshevik Russia and the Zion Protocols. During World War II he established 1,634 concentration camps and more than 900 labor camps. Two-thirds of the 8.8 million Jews in the Nazi-controlled territory, 5.9 million were killed. Only one tenth of Polish Jews survived. The survival rate in other regions was one third or half. Jews could not show any resistance. They learned that the resistance would cost them more in an exile of one thousand five hundred years. They sought solutions by talks, money payments, pleading, protesting. But they did not fight. They were weakened for generations because they were immigrated in mass.

Already their the most ambitious ones went to America and the most energetic and militant ones to Palestine...

According to one claim, Jewish ringleaders helped Hitler and the Nazis to have the Jews in Europe go to Palestine. After the war, 500 thousand Jews emigrated from Germany to Palestine. Germany paid $ 1.5 billion for expenses. The amount of compensation paid by the end of the 20th century reached $ 30 billion.

According to religious Jews, God had chosen Hitler and the Nazis to punish Jews.
According to the secular Jews the perspective was different. European massacres in the 17th century led Jews to Britain and then to America. These migrations created the strongest Jewish presence in the strongest states in the world. As a result, modern Zionism emerged.

Now, I look at the establishment of the State of Israel and thereafter due to Hitler disaster...

 At the end of World War II, US President Truman applied to the UK demanding that 100,000 Jews be allowed to enter Palestine immediately and the immigration limits removed, the issue was taken to the United Nations by the UK in 1947. Under pressure from the United States and Jewish lobbies, the United Nations agreed to split Palestine as an Arab and Israeli state in November 1947 and to give Jerusalem international status. The establishment of the State of Israel was announced on May 14, 1948. On this date, 1 million Arabs and 600,000 Jews lived on the Palestinian territory.

The State of Israel started to welcome hundreds of thousands of Jewish refugees from all over the world. That same year, Turkey's first and only Muslim country officially recognized Israel. Jews have been crushed everywhere for two thousand years. But now they would fight in Palestine. First they fought against the British mandate. The next was the Arabs. The newly established state of Israel made its first war with Jordan, Syria, Iraq and Egypt. At the end of the war that ended in January 1949, all of the Najaf, Galilee Lake and the western part of the city of Jerusalem, except Gaza Strip, came under the domination of Israel. 750,000 Palestinian Arabs had to migrate to the west of the Jordan River and the Gaza Strip, becoming victims of a tragedy which will last until today.
The events of 1947-8, which founded the State of Israel, created the Arab-Israel problem. Judaism was ceased to be the problem of Europe and turned into the problem of the Muslim world. 500,000 Jews living in Arab countries came to Israel from 1948 to 1967. Palestinian Arab immigrants created imbalances in Arab countries. In 1960 Jordan, between 1970-80 Lebanon would get into trouble.

There were differences of opinion among the Jews. The borders of the New State could be determined in three ways. One, national homeland; two, promised lands; three, Zionist State. The national homeland could be anywhere in the world. The promised land was smaller in the Hasmonean kingdom, and the kingdom of David also included Syria. It was from the Nile to the Euphrates. None of them were valid for the fanatic religious Jews. Their states had to be established after the arrival of Messiah. The others were in a hurry.
As for the Zionist State, it should include lands that Jews could acquire, settle, develop, and defend. In the first talks, while between 20 and 50 percent of Palestine was involved, Israel got 80 percent of the land after the 1948 War. Palestinian Arabs remained stateless, trapped in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, governed by Jordan.

In 1951, the King of Jordan Abdullah was killed. In 1952, the military monarchy was ended with a military coup, Nasser started working to destroy Israel. In 1951, the King of Jordan, Abdullah, was killed. With the military coup in 1952 the Egyptian monarchy was ended, Nasser started working to destroy Israel. The Soviets started helping Arab countries. In 1956, the Suez Canal was nationalized and closed to the use of Israel. Israel attacked Egypt, captured the Sinai Peninsula. The British and the French helped. Sinai was declared a demilitarized zone. United Nations Peace Force was established and deployed on the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula. Israeli population rose from 800 thousand to two million between 1948-1958.

In the six-day war of 1967, the Arabs were raided when they were about to attack Israel. Ultimately, the winner was Israel again. This time they lost Sinai, the West Bank, Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights from Syria and the South Lebanese territory in Lebanon. Israel kept most of these lands under occupation and annexed Jerusalem and Golan Heights.

Egypt together with Syria started a surprised attack on Yom Kippur Day in 1973. When Israel was about to be defeated, the USA came to the aid with the advanced system weapons sent by air. Israeli troops moved west of the Suez Canal. They cut off the road going to Cairo. Egypt asked for a truce. Finally, Israel got the last laugh. But in response to this the world oil crisis started. Oil was becoming a political force. OPEC decided to implement an oil embargo on those who helped Israel. Oil prices were quadrupled. Arab countries' revenues increased tenfold. The money was canalized to buy weapons and to support terror against Israel. Under Arab pressure, third World countries cut diplomatic relations with Israel. France built an advanced nuclear power plant in Iraq. Considering this as a threat, Israel destroyed the reactor in 1981 with an air raid.

In 1975, Zionism was accepted as racism by the United Nations decision with the increasing influence of Arabs. 72 Communist and Islamic countries were in favor, nearly all liberal democracies were against by 35, abstaining vote were 32. Turkey supported the decision that Zionism is racism. In the same year, Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization, was honored with the status of the president with the United Nations decision. Israel was undergoing international isolation.

 In 1978, a peace agreement was signed at Camp David under the supervision of US President Carter. Egypt became the first Arab country to recognize Israel. Israel withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula, including airports and oil fields. Palestinian Arabs did not accept negotiations for the West Bank and Jerusalem. As Jordan did not want the society living on it, said 'Yes to peace, no to land' and preferred to lay the West Bank burden on Israel.
In the late 1970s and 1980s, Israeli scientists secretly developed nuclear weapons. This situation was immediately learned by her Arab neighbors.

In 1982, Israel occupied Lebanon, where the Palestine Liberation Organization was based. Hezbollah was born. 1,500 Iranian Revolutionary Guards passed through Syria and settled in the Shiite-majority Beqaa.

In 1990 and afterwards, one million Jews emigrated from the Soviets to Israel.
During the First Gulf War in 1991, Israel brought five thousand people, considering they were Jewish, to her country by plane. Israel, which had good relations with the Northern Iraqi administration for a long time, had been using its territory like its own country.
In 1995, the temporary agreement between Israel and Palestine was signed. Palestine gained autonomy, promising to stay away from terrorism and to give up abolishing the State of Israel in return. Hamas and some Palestinian factions did not accept the deal. That same year, Israeli prime minister Isaak Rabin was killed by an extreme right-wing Zionist student.

In 2000, Israel withdrew all its troops from South Lebanon. The revolutionary left Fatah movement of Palestine was divided and confined in the West Bank, after Yasser Arafat was poisoned to death in 2004. It was taken under control. Hamas, extreme religious, did not recognize Israel's right to exist, won the 2006 Palestinian elections, rejected all agreements with Israel, refused to give up terrorism, and repeated the goal of destroying Israel. Hamas, like Iran, argued that the genocide was a Jewish conspiracy. The following year, it took over the management of Gaza. In the same year, the Israeli Air force destroyed a nuclear reactor in Syria.

Israel was also working in Iraq. MOSSAD trained Barzani's peshmergas. Israel-Northern Iraq cooperation, started with Molla Mustafa Barzani, gained momentum in 2005. When Saddam was overthrown and Talabani became the President in Iraq, the control of Northern Iraq passed to Barzani. The Rothschild family took control of the oil in the region through Israel and Barzani, the energy line shifted to Israel's patronage. The Rothschilds have large investments in energy sector in the Mediterranean basin. They need secure corridors to deliver oil to the world market in the most profitable and safe way. The energy enterprise continued. Rich natural gas reserves were found off Israel in 2009. Delek Group, an Israeli energy company, and Noble Energy company, Rothschild is also a shareholder of it, are working for the discovery and extraction of natural gas.
In 2010, Israeli commandos attacked Mavi -Blue- Marmara and five ships, which carried aid to Gaza with the initiative of the IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation in international waters, she killed nine Turkish activists, injured some of them and took the ships hostage with their passengers. Israel gave up the peace through concessions and preferred the strategy of continuous war and occupation.

The biggest threat to Israel was Lebanon and its supporter, Syria. After the Hariri assassination in Lebanon, the withdrawal of the Syrian army from Lebanon paved the way for Israel. Civil war broke out in Syria in 2011. Israel secretly supported anyone against Bashar al-Assad in this war: Free Syrian Army, Al Nusra, Islamic State of Iraq and Damascus, namely ISIS. During this period, Israel's intelligence agency Mossad collaborated closely with Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Jordan. Bender Bin Sultan, a Saudi Intelligence element, one of the architects of the war in Syria, met many times with Mossad and made plans.

I look at the goals of global powers, among which Jewish lobbies are effective…
Israel must have been a regional state. Middle East energy sources and energy transmission lines should be safe. Radical Islamist groups should not be in power. Iran should not gain strength. Kurdistan should be established in Iraq, inserting among Arabs, Iranians and Turks.

In 2000, Turkey was emerging as a subcontractor of global powers. Turkey was given the economic and political support at international levels, including the EU accession process. The Turkish Armed Forces, and accordingly, Kemalism, the republic and secularism, were disgraced. Serious monetary and political relations were established with Saudi Arabia and the Gulf countries. But by 2011, things were reversed.

With the ‘New Ottomanism’ project, Turkey was trying to establish hegemony over the Middle East. Global powers and Jewish lobbies took action against the AKP government.

Today, this chess game continues…

Today, Israel is a country of 8 million people, 75% of which are Jews. She does not compromise democracy. The 120-seat Assembly, the Knesset, has a distribution of 10 political parties, predominated by Likud (center-right) and the Zionist Camp. With 2015 figures, her exports are 56, imports are 59 billion dollars. National income per capita is $ 33,700, GNP is $ 282 billion. Rothschilds have very close relations with Israel. They support Israel financially. The USA grants Israel $ 3 billion annually and complimentary.
Israeli society is divided into four groups today.

The first one is the Haredies, the group that applies Orthodox Judaism in the most conservative way. They have been in conflict with the Zionists since 19th century. They reject the Zionist ideas because they are against a Jewish state to be established before Messiah. They claim that political independence can only be demonstrated through a sacred intervention. They approach Zionism with suspicion and even hostility, some define it as the work of Satan.

The second group, the Zionists, accepts religion, but they focus on Jewish ultra-nationalism. They see Haredies as an underdeveloped group.

The third group is secular Jews. They do not accept religion and extreme nationalism.
The fourth group is the diaspora Jews.

The last two groups are accused of gradually moving away from their Jewish identity, religion and traditions.

For the Zionists, the Jewish religion was an appropriate source of national energy and culture. The Bible was no different from a state book. Therefore, Zionists used the Jewish religion to create their state. Some religious Jews believed that the spirit of Zionist nationalism would turn Jews back into Jewish religion. To comply with the Torah could be ignited with a new patriotic spirit. The Zionists started fighting for secular schools instead of Torah Schools.

The Neturei Karta Anti-Zionist movement, founded by some Jews in America, is also interesting. They say that Israel is completely illegitimate and they are against the murders it committed. According to them, some Jews and Rabbi in Jerusalem are also against the ideology of Israel and its illegal settlements. They do not accept the partial occupation of Palestinian land by Israel. While Jewish history dates back three thousand years, Zionism started 130 years ago. They want to live with Muslims. They say that Israel should go back to the 1948 borders, not the 1967 borders.

American Jews are also considered a separate society. They became an example that has not been experienced in history. They were assimilated preserving their Jewish identity. The eternal foreign and traveling Jews eventually found a home to stay in a country where all were stranger. American Jews were added to the Israeli Jews and diaspora Jews as the third element. The security and futures of all Jews were tied to the strong men in America. Their organization: Zionist Organization of America (ZOA). Its chairman Morton Klein is considered the closest US Jewish leader to President Trump. Others are AIPAC, US Jewish Organizations Council, ADL, AJC, B'nai B'rith International, North American Jewish Federations.

One more interesting note. Jewish Jared Kushner, the architect of the new President Donald Trump's election campaign, married Trump's daughter Ivanka Trump in 2009. Ivanka went through a long religious education for being accepted by Judaism, and took the name Yael Kushner and made a horizontal transition to the Jewish religion. Trump happened to have a Jewish daughter too.

I need to summarize the subject…

Jews are very intelligent and cunning. Starting from 500 BC they wrote the Torah, moreover, they adopted many histories they did not live themselves. They claimed both the tradition of Abraham and Moses and obtained a divine identity. Many Jewish historians discovered exaggerated traces of Jews in Roman, Phoenician, Carthaginian, European, Russian, Hind, Iranian, Chinese history and tried to glorify themselves. It is understood from many conspiracy theories that they are able to show themselves big and strong. Whichever stone we remove, Jews come out of it.

The same technique is used by Sabatay writers and Sabatay specialists. According to them, the Jews ruled the Ottoman Empire and the Republic, they made many initiatives, they modernized the society; art, literature, culture life survives thanks to them, most of the great leaders and commanders are Jewish or the convert. In fact, the Jews were a minority in the Ottoman Empire, they were discredited after the 16th century, and allowed to trade on condition that they became Muslims or appeared Muslims since 17th century.
It is also claimed that most of the Jewish population in Israel is not Jewish. Like African origin and immigrants from Russia.

So how can it develop after that?

Let's look a little differently…

For example, things become complicated, could the idiom 'a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush' be appropriate for Jews?

In Israel, there are leftists, liberals, human rights defenders, atheists, Marxists, people of all opinions. Some cannot predict a comprehensive war in the region.

It may not be successful to ensure the security of Israel by disorganizing the Middle East as in Iraq and Syria. The US and Arab dictatorships, which move in parallel with her, can also end up a loser. Eighty percent of the Israeli people support military action, but only half of them believe that she will be successful in the fight against Hamas. The Islamic world, a part of Europe and even the majority of the UN are opposing Israel. How much longer can the U.S. endure supporting Israel?

Otherwise, did 'the people chosen by God' become the target of Satan, who captured the souls? How far can Zionists go by exploiting genocide? Is the Deep World State dominated by Rothschild and Rockefeller under the control of the Jews? Or of non-Jewish Jews? Could Jews be used for the 'New World Order'? Could they clandestinely support Hamas in Palestine and the radical Islamic terrorist organizations that show up in Syria and Iraq, as they support the Taliban in Afghanistan?

Don't they need both sides to establish the 'New World Order' from ‘orda ab chao’ or ‘order vs chaos’? Why should the game played in Europe in the 19th and 20th centuries not continue in the 21st century?

Can't we see that Israel was finally disgraced?

Or will they, as often claimed, create order from chaos and sit on the throne of the World Kingdom?